Vulvovaginal candidiasis is a common yeast infection in the vulva and vagina, especially during pregnancy. About 20% of women are affected by this yeast, but during pregnancy, the risks rise up to 30%. Hormonal changes during pregnancy disrupts the pH balance in the vagina, making it easier for the yeast to cause an infection. Since this yeast can pass to the newborn, if left untreated, it is important to address it at the earliest. Below, the best lady gynecologist in Newtown has discussed the symptoms and causes of this condition.
In candidiasis, women are likely to experience itching in their vagina and vulva. They may also notice a white vaginal discharge resembling cottage cheese that is odorless. Other symptoms may include:
- Pain or soreness in the vulva or vagina
- Burning sensation during urination
- A rash on the vulva and surrounding skin, sometimes extending to the groin and thighs.
The symptoms mentioned above may last for a few hours or days or persist for weeks.
Candidiasis occurs when the usual amount of fungi in the vagina grows excessively and causes prominent symptoms. Common causes that increase the likelihood of yeast infections in pregnant women include:
- Fluctuations in hormone levels: Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy caused by higher levels of estrogen stimulate increased glycogen production in the vaginal lining. The heightened estrogen release during pregnancy disrupts the chemical balance in the vagina, subsequently creating a conducive environment for the proliferation of yeast.
- Weakened immune system: During pregnancy, the body’s immunity is naturally suppressed. This inherent immunosuppression can concurrently diminish the body’s capacity to resist yeast infections.
- Increased vaginal discharge: Pregnancy induces an increase in vaginal discharge, which creates a moist environment favorable for the proliferation of yeast.
Other contributing factors in this regard include:
- High blood sugar or diabetes
- Taking antibiotics, birth control pills, or corticosteroids
- Health conditions that weaken the immune system
Tips to prevent yeast infections during pregnancy
The best gynecologist in Newtown advises women to follow the below-mentioned tips during their pregnancy to eliminate risks of yeast infections.
- Wipe from front to back after using the toilet.
- Refrain from using scented tampons, pads, and panty liners.
- Change tampons, pads, and pantyliners frequently.
- Avoid very hot baths and hot tubs.
- Choose underwear with a cotton lining for better airflow.
- Avoid douching, as it removes healthy vaginal bacteria that prevent infections.
- Opt for loose-fitting clothing.
- Monitor blood sugar levels if you are a diabetic patient or developed gestational diabetes.
Yeast infections can occur at any point, although they are more likely to occur during the second trimester. Women who have previously experienced yeast infections must take extra care of themselves throughout pregnancy. Reach out to the best gynecologist in Newtown if you experience any of the aforementioned signs and undergo a thorough examination to detect the presence of yeast for an effective treatment.